Fast fix for Nginx, PHP-FPM Remote Code Execution (CVE-2019-11043)

This bug (CVE-2019-11043) only applies to configurations where the following code is present in the location directive:
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(|/.*)$;

There is also a go test application to see if your server is vulnerable:

In front of the fastcgi_split_path_info command, insert the following directive:
try_files $uri =404;

This circumvents the buffer underflow bug in PHP-FPM.
Another option is to install the fixed packages of your favorite distribution.